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Blood Pressure

 

Blood Pressure is defined as the arterial pressure of the blood circulating in the body. The cardiac output, the peripheral resistance, and the arterial stiffness together influence the blood pressure in the body.

Blood Pressure is classified as 

  • Hypotension or Low Blood Pressure – Systolic < 90 mmHg & Diastolic < 60 mmHg.
  • Normal Blood Pressure – Systolic 90 to 129 mmHg & Diastolic 60 to 84 mmHg.
  • High Blood Pressure or Hypertension – Systolic 130 – 139mmHg & Diastolic 80 – 89mmHg.    
Symptoms of  Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

 

  • fatigue.
  • lightheadedness.
  • dizziness.
  • nausea.
  • clammy skin.
  • depression.
  • loss of consciousness.
  • blurry vision.

Causes of Low Blood Pressure 
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal problems such as an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), diabetes, or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • Some over-the-counter medications
  • Some prescription medicines such as for high blood pressure, depression or Parkinson’s disease
  • Heart failure
  • Heart arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
  • Widening, or dilation, of the blood vessels
  • Heat exhaustion or heat stroke
  • Liver disease

 

 
  
 Low blood pressure treatment
 
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
 
  • Dizziness.
  • Dull or severe headaches.
  • Nosebleeds.
  • Experiencing difficulty while breathing.
  • Anxiety.
Causes of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
  • Obesity.
  • Smoking and consumptions of alcohol.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Excessive salt intake.
  • Stress.
  • Genetic factors or family history of high blood pressure.
  • Medical conditions like Thyroid disorders, Kidney disease, Adrenal disorders etc.
hypertension treatment

Treatment of High and Low Blood Pressure 

Modifications to lifestyle – It is imperative that the patients consume the nutritious diet, quit smoking cigarettes and/or quit alcohol consumption and exercise regularly to manage body weight/ bring about weight loss to reduce high blood pressure.  High levels of arterial pressure put stress on the arterial walls. This intensifies heart workload and brings about atheroma (unhealthy tissue growth) in the walls of the arteries. Medication – Oral medication may be prescribed.

Surgery-Bariatric surgery may be recommended to the patients suffering from morbid obesity i.e. BMI > 32.5 with hypertension. Literature shows complete resolution of hypertension in 65% of patients after the bariatric procedure.

Complications 

Persistently elevated blood pressure is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and its clinical manifestations. Hypertension is an independent predisposing factor for the heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, renal disease and peripheral vascular disease.

After bariatric surgery, the medications may stop or decrease other significant weight loss, which is usually at 2 – 3 months after the procedure. More importantly, it leads to a drastic reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Dr. Nikhil AgnihotriBariatric Surgeon in New Delhi provides treatment for High Blood Pressure/Hypertension treatment with bariatric surgery for patients suffering from morbid obesity in Delhi, India.

 

Authored By Dr.Nikhil Agnihotri

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