Self-esteem is the way you see yourself- your positive and negative qualities, your strength and weakness as a person and all other characteristics. Experiences, thoughts, feelings, and relationships influence development of self-esteem of a person. A person having low self-esteem will always worried about the thinking that he/she is not good enough and all others around him/her are better persons.
Many people have a misunderstanding that depression is a state of being sad. Depression is a common but serious mood disorder that includes feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and emptiness. But it is much more than just being sad, a state which saps your energy makes everyday activities difficult and interferes with your eating and sleeping patterns.
Though depression is different from person to person it is commonly associated with changes in diet, sleep, energy level, and concentration. There are different types of depression such as major depression, persistent depressive disorder, psychotic depression, postpartum depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD). life. Psychotherapy or medication or both are highly advised in treating depression because severe depression may lead to death or suicide.
In many cases low self-esteem and depression have same signs and symptoms, they include uncontrolled behavior, sexual risk-taking, alcoholism or drug abuse or both, withdrawal from social gatherings, academic decline in the case of students, aggressive behavior (often angry or violent ), difficulty with interpersonal relationships and self-consciousness.
On the basis of different studies, it is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of the general population will experience clinical depression in their lifetime. As per the reports from WHO (World Health Organization), 5% of men and 9% of women have depressive disorders at some stages of their life. The most common reasons for depression include genetic and biological reasons, the imbalance in the chemistry of the brain, female sex hormones, disturbance in Circadian Rhythm, malnutrition, other health problems or diseases, Drugs, stressful life, grief because of loss, especially dear ones.
Though studies on families have linked depression to genetics, researchers do not have a unanimous opinion about genetic risk factors for depression. But many researchers suspect that having parents or siblings with depression may be a risk factor.
Part of the treatment for Depression is learning to overcome low self-esteem thoughts. People who have low self-esteem can get help in therapy. Boosting self-esteem can be a long process. Overcoming ingrained thought processes often requires hard work.
Psychological and medical treatment are there to help you to get out of a depressed state. The main treatment is usually medication, talk therapy or a combination of the two. It has been found in studies that these treatments may help to normalize brain changes associated with depression.
Therapies for depression include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy which is focused on modifying negative thoughts, behaviors and emotional responses associated with psychological distress, Behavior Therapy- focused on modifying the state of violent or angry mood associated with psychological distress and Psychotherapy.
Medications: - Antidepressant prevents or relieves depression and elevates mood. Anxiolytics relieves anxiety and tension and promote sleep.
Electroconvulsive Therapy- In this therapy electric current is sent through the brain to trigger a seizure. It is also known as shock treatment.
Authored By Dr.Nikhil Agnihotri